Importing a car to Spain
Importing a car to Spain can be a daunting process and the use of professional help is almost a necessity, unless you are patient and a very good Spanish speaker. However, shop around as whilst there are some good professional companies some charge exhorbitant fees.
If you are a non-resident of Spain, but from an EU member state then you can import your vehicle into Spain and use it without paying any taxes for up to 6 months. The vehicle must be roadworthy and legal in the country from where you have left from. However, you automatically become a resident, from a tax perspective, after being in Spain for 182 days in a year.
You can be fined for driving an imported vehicle after this six month period if it does not have Spanish plates. You may need to prove that you have not been using it for a period greater than 6 months.
To register your imported vehicle, it must be registered at the local provincial traffic department (jefatura provincial de trafico). You will probably want to use the services of a Gestor or other professional organisation that specialises in this process, to assist with the importation process. The vehicle will have to undergo an ITV as part of the process.
Permanent residents of Spain are not permitted to operate a car on foreign registration plates. This does not mean you cannot import a car, it is just that on doing so, you will have to have it registered on Spanish plates when it arrives.
Right-hand drive vehicles can be imported and registered for new residents of Spain. There are various costs associated when importing a vehicle to Spain. You will have to pay a registration tax, road tax and IVA (VAT). These costs can soon mount up. You will also need to change the headlamps. You should be aware that right-hand drive commercial vehicles such as vans are unlikely to be accepted and cannot be re-registered in Spain.